Bureau of National statistics
Agency for Strategic planning and reforms of the Republic of Kazakhstan
    Total primary energy consumption
    Total primary energy consumption
    in 1000 toe

    Compared to 2021, the total primary energy consumption increased by 1.7% in 2022 and amounted to 69868.3 thousand tons of oil equivalent (1000 toe).

    Total primary energy consumption by fuel type
    in 1000 toe

    Coal constitutes the largest share in the structure of total primary energy consumption – 48.2%. The next largest ones are natural gas – 26.4%, oil and petroleum products – 23.5% of total primery energy consumption.

    Final energy consumption
    Final energy consumption
    in 1000 toe

    Final energy consumption in 2022 increased by 0.3% compared to the previous year and amounted to 43402.4 thousand tons of oil equivalent (1000 toe).

    Final energy consumption by economic sectors
    as a percentage

    In final energy consumption, there is a noticeable trend of decreasing share in the industrial sector, while witnessing growth in the transport industry, residential, commercial and utility services. As of 2022, the residential sector held the largest share at 30.8%, with a consumption of 13.4 million toe.

    Following closely, the industrial sector ranked as the second-largest final consumer of energy (after the residential), accounting for a consumption of 12.3 million toe.

    The transport industry stood as the third-largest consumer (after the residential and industrial) in total final consumption, with a volume of 8,6 million toe in 2022.

    Final energy consumption in industry by subsector in 2022
    as a percentage

    In the structure of the final consumption of the industrial sector, ferrous metallurgy constitutes the largest share – 30.1%, non–ferrous metallurgy – 26.4% and the mining industry – 14.4% of the final consumption within the industrial sector.

    Final energy consumption by fuel type
    1000 toe

    In 2021, the largest share in the final energy consumption is occupied by oil and petroleum products – 31.6% and coal – 22.1%. The share of electricity consumption was 16.5%, natural gas – 15.7% and heat – 14.1% of the total final energy consumption.

    Energy intensity of GDP
    Energy intensity of GDP
    toe/ thousand USD in 2015 prices

    The energy intensity of GDP in 2022 increased by 6.7% compared to 2015 and amounted to 0.32 toe/ thousand USD in 2015 prices.

    Share of electricity produced by renewable energy sources (RES)*
    Share of electricity produced by renewable energy sources*
    as a percentage

    The share of electricity produced by renewable energy sources (excluding large hydroelectric power plants) in the total volume of electricity production in 2022 amounted to 4.4%, and it has been increasing steadily during the studied period.


    Fuel and energy balance (FEB) is a system of indicators that reflects the full quantitative correspondence between income and expenditure (including losses and balance) as a whole or in its individual sections (industry, region, enterprise, workshop, process, installation) for a selected time interval.

    Total primary energy consumption is the total volume of supplies of primary energy and its equivalents to the domestic market for all needs (consumption in the conversion sector, non-energy needs, final consumption in economic sectors), considering losses.

    Final energy consumption includes all fuel and energy supplied to consumers for both their energy and non-energy use, and does not include the volumes of fuel and energy involved in the conversion processes.

    The energy intensity of GDP determines the economic efficiency of consumption of fuel and energy resources in the production of GDP in the country as a whole and is calculated as the ratio of the volume of gross consumption of fuel and energy resources for all production and non-production needs in tons of oil equivalent to the value of GDP.

    Fuel and energy resources (FER) are a combination of various types of fuel and energy (products of the oil refining, gas, coal, peat and shale industries, electricity from nuclear and hydroelectric power plants, as well as local fuels) that the country has at its disposal to meet production, domestic and export needs.

    Primary energy – sources of energy (energy carriers) that require only extraction or capture, considering or not considering their separation from the accompanying rock, purification or sorting, before the energy contained in these sources can be converted.

    Renewable energy sources are energy sources that are continuously renewable due to naturally occurring natural processes, including the following types: solar radiation energy, wind energy, hydrodynamic water energy; geothermal energy: heat of soil, groundwater, rivers, reservoirs; as well as anthropogenic sources of primary energy resources: consumption waste, biomass, biogas and other fuel from consumption waste used for the production of electric and (or) thermal energy.

    Methodological explanations

    The fuel and energy balance makes it possible to analyze and evaluate changes in the structure of fuel and energy production and consumption, their effective use in economic sectors, monitor the depletion of energy resources, as well as calculate gas emissions into the atmosphere and determine the main directions of development of the fuel and energy complex.

    The information base for the construction of the fuel and energy balance is the data obtained or registered in the statistical forms of national statistical observations, as well as administrative data.

    Energy flows cover the activities of economic units throughout the territory of the republic and are divided into production (extraction) of fuel and energy products, transformation, foreign trade, change of reserves, final consumption and non-energy use.

    FEB is a complex balance sheet that combines the balances of various types of energy resources for the reporting year in the form of a single balance sheet.

    The headings of the graph of the balance sheet contain the names of a group of fuel and energy products and product balances corresponding to a certain type of primary or secondary energy products. The row header contains balance sheet items that characterize the movement of primary and secondary energy flows and their equivalents.

    Release responsible:
    Department of Services and Energy Statistics
    Department Director:
    G. Karaulova
    Tel. +7 7172 749060
    М. Abdikarimova
    Tel. +7 7172 749308
    E-mail: ma.abdikarimova@aspire.gov.kz
    010000, Astana ,
    Mangilik elave.8
    House of Ministries, entrance 4