Bureau of National statistics
Agency for Strategic planning and reforms of the Republic of Kazakhstan
    Key indicators
    Employment rate to the population aged 15 years and older in the first quarter of 2023 amounted to 65.0%, to the labor force - 95.2%. Unemployment rate (according to the methodology of the International Labor Organization) for the 1st quarter of 2023 amounted to 4.8%. The number of unemployed (according to ILO methodology) amounted to 453.4 thousand people. The proportion of NEET youth who are neither employed nor engaged in education or training was 7.9%.
    57.2 thousand
    At the end of March this year. According to the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Population of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 57.2 thousand people applied to the employment authorities as job seekers. A total of 36.4 thousand employment measures were provided, 13 thousand people were sent for vocational training or retraining, advanced training, and 12.7 thousand people took part in public works.
    Employment rate
    in percentages
    First quarter 2023
    Situation on the labor market

    According to the sample survey of employment of the population for the first quarter of 2023. 9 million people were employed in various sectors of the economy of Kazakhstan , of which 6.9 million people worked for hire (76.4% of the total number of people employed in the economy), 2.1 million people were self-employed (23.6% of the total number of people employed in the economy).

    Compared with the first quarter of 2022, total employment increased by 250.8 thousand people, mainly due to employees (197.7 thousand people), the number of self-employed (by 53.1 thousand people).

    The largest share of employees was observed in trade (17.2%), education (12.9%) and industry (12.6%), agriculture (11.5%).

    At the main job, on average, the actual hours worked per week were 38 hours per employed person, 40 hours per employee, and 34 hours per self-employed worker.

    The number of people who were unemployed but were not looking for a job or were not ready to start working (potential labor force) amounted to 28.2 thousand people.

    The proportion of persons not included in the labor force was 31.7% of the population aged 15 and over.

    Methodology for the formation of the main indicators of the labor market
    First quarter 2023
    Dynamics of labor market indicators

    The unemployment rate (according to the ILO methodology) decreased to 4.8% compared to Q1 2022.

    Officially at the end of March this year. in the employment agencies of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Republic of Kazakhstan 265.8 thousand people were registered as unemployed . Share of registered unemployed compared to I quarter of the previous year a increased by 0.9 percentage points and amounted to 2.8 % of the labor force.

    The unemployment rate among youth aged 15 to 34 compared to 4.1 %.

    Unemployment rates
    in percentages
    First quarter 2023
    Key Labor Market Indicators
    Labor force, people Employed population, people Including Unemployed population, people Unemployment rate, % Youth unemployment rate, % (aged
    Persons not included in the labor force, people
    wage-earners self-employed workers
    I quarter 9 232 393 8 781 122 6 702 718 2078404 451 271 4.9 3.7 4 108 763
    II quarter 9 256 383 8 805 024 6 700 319 2104705 451 359 4.9 3.7 4 072 404
    III quarter 9 263 614 8 812 861 6 684 896 2 127 965 450 753 4.9 3.7 4 063 470
    IV quarter 9 262 301 8 811 894 6 717 036 2094858 450 407 4.9 3.7 4 058 508
    I quarter 9 419 497 8 959 601 6 860 875 2098726 459 896 4.9 4.0 4 267 930
    II quarter 9 431 321 8 971 044 6 841 372 2 129 390 460 277 4.9 3.9 4 257 752
    III quarter 9 430 788 8 971 603 6 837 764 2 133 839 459 185 4.9 3.9 4 260 470
    IV quarter 9 421 585 8 965 536 6 830 886 2134650 456 049 4.8 3.8 4 268 903
    I quarter 9 485 343 9 031 890 6 900 406 2 131 484 453 453 4.8 4.11) 4 410 747

    1) According to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On State Youth Policy". From January 1, 2023 the age of young people is increased to 35 years.


    The labor force is the employed and unemployed population.

    Persons of working age include citizens aged 16 - 61 years (women), - 63 years (men), (according to the "Labor Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan" and the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On pensions for citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan").

    Employed person – a natural person who carries out activities for payment or by deriving income through the use of property, the production and sale of goods, the performance of work, the provision of services.

    Employed persons include:

    1) employees, as well as persons having other paid work (elected, appointed or approved);

    2) individual entrepreneurs;

    3) persons engaged in private practice;

    4) individuals carrying out activities under a civil law contract that are not employees;

    5) individuals who are founders (participants) of business partnerships and founders, shareholders (participants) of joint-stock companies, as well as members of production cooperatives;

    6) independent workers;

    7) serving in the Armed Forces, other troops and military formations, law enforcement and special state bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

    An unemployed person is a natural person who is looking for a job and is ready to start work.

    The unemployment rate is the share of the unemployed in the labor force, measured as a percentage.

    The youth unemployment rate at the age of 15-34 is the share of the unemployed population aged 15-34 in the labor force at the same age, measured as a percentage.

    The long-term unemployment rate is the proportion of the unemployed population who have been unemployed for 1 year or more in the labor force, measured as a percentage.

    Persons outside the labor force - persons who are not employed or unemployed.

    Methodological explanations

    In the Republic of Kazakhstan, since 2001, sample surveys of employment of the population have been conducted. The survey covers all regions of the republic on the basis of a selective method of observation with subsequent distribution of the results to the entire population. The units of observation are households and persons aged 15 and over.

    The presented indicators are based on the results of a sample survey on an extended network of households (4.3% of the total number of households), the sample is formed once a year. Lists of households are formed on the basis of the Register of Housing Stock of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The sampling methodology was developed jointly with experts from the German Statistical Office DESTATIS as part of the KAZSTAT Project to Strengthen the National Statistical System of Kazakhstan.

    The results of the survey were disseminated taking into account the current demographic statistics.

    The survey of the population is carried out using the Questionnaire for a sample survey of employment of the population, which contains questions that characterize each member of the household. The questionnaire is structured according to the principle of a logical sequence of questions, on the basis of which the population is classified into employed or unemployed and persons not included in the labor force.

    Concepts and definitions are given in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On employment" dated April 6, 2016, as well as in accordance with the standards and methodological approaches of the International Labor Organization (ILO).

    Release responsible:
    Department of Labor Statistics and Living Standards
    Department Director:
    N. Belonosova
    Tel. +7 7172 749022
    G. Bekisheva
    Tel. +7 7172 74 9504
    Email : gul . bekisheva @ aspire . gov . kz
    010000, city of Astan
    Mangili k el avenue , 8
    House of Ministries, entrance 4